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Mobile Test Tools – A collection of the best open source mobile test automation tools than you can use to test mobile apps and websites on mobile devices Some of these open source mobile test tools can be used for both Android and iOS as well as Native, Web and Hybrid. Appium (Android and iOS) Appium is an open-source tool for automating native, mobile web, and hybrid applications on iOS and Android platforms.
Native apps are those written using the iOS or Android SDKs. Mobile web apps are web apps accessed using a mobile browser (Appium supports Safari on iOS and Chrome or the built-in ‘Browser’ app on Android). Hybrid apps have a wrapper around a “webview” — a native control that enables interaction with web content. Download Appium Calabash (Android and iOS) Calabash is an automated acceptance testing framework for mobile apps.
Calabash could be compared to Selenium WebDriver. However, it is important to realize that interacting with a web app from a desktop computer is vastly different than interacting with a native app using a touch screen. Calabash provides APIs that are specialized to native apps running on touch screen devices. Download Calabash Frank (iOS) Frank allows you to write structured text test/acceptance tests/requirements (using Cucumber) and have them execute against your iOS application.
Frank also includes a powerful “app inspector” (called Symbiote) that you can use to get detailed information on your running app. Download Frank MonkeyTalk (Android and iOS) MonkeyTalk automates real, functional interactive tests for iOS and Android apps – everything from simple “smoke tests” to sophisticated data-driven test suites. Native, mobile, and hybrid app, real devices or simulators.
In this way you minimize procedural errors and shorten the amount of time needed to develop product updates. More information Robotium (Android) Robotium is an Android test automation framework that has full support for native and hybrid applications. Robotium makes it easy to write powerful and robust automatic black-box UI tests for Android applications. With the support of Robotium, test case developers can write function, system and user acceptance test scenarios, spanning multiple Android activities.
Download Robotium iOS-driver (iOS) Automate any IOS native, hybrid, or mobile web application using the Selenium / WebDriver API. ios-driver is fully compatible with the Selenium / Webdriver API. IOS automation is therefore as easy as automation for a browser. ios-driver fully integrates with Selenium Grid so you can reuse your existing web automation infrastructure including your helper and utility classes (i.
e. data creation, page objects etc.) Download iOS-driver Ui Automator (Android) The UI Automator testing framework lets you test your user interface (UI) efficiently by creating automated functional UI testcases that can be run against your app on one or more devices. The UI Automator API is bundled in the UI Automator.jar file under the /platforms/ directory. The API includes these key classes, interfaces, and exceptions that allow you to capture and manipulate UI components on the target app.
More information KeepItFunctional (iOS) KIF, which stands for Keep It Functional, is an iOS integration test framework. It allows for easy automation of iOS apps by leveraging the accessibility attributes that the OS makes available for those with visual disabilities. KIF builds and performs the tests using a standard XCTest testing target. Testing is conducted synchronously in the main thread (running the run loop to force the passage of time) allowing for more complex logic and composition.
Download KIF Selendroid (Android) Selendroid is a test automation framework which drives off the UI of Android native and hybrid applications (apps) and the mobile web. Tests are written using the Selenium 2 client API. Download Selendroid EarlGrey EarlGrey is a native iOS UI automation test framework that enables you to write clear, concise tests. It integrates with Xcode’s Test Navigator so you can run tests directly from Xcode or the command line.
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There’s a shift to open-source mobile test automation tools happening today among developers and QA. And it’s not just happening in mobile testing. Many mature technology sectors are adopting lightweight, vendor-transparent tools to fulfill the need for speed and integration. As with many free and open-source software markets however, a plethora of tools complicates the selection process. How do you know what to spend time learning, integrating and deploying in your own environment? This post aims to help you choose which open-source test automation framework to use based on a number of critical considerations.
Criteria for selecting an OSS test automation framework The rationale and advantages behind your choice of open-source test automation tools can be related to a few key benchmarks: Ease of script development and execution (supports agile processes and short iterations) Cross team collaboration capabilities (Both QA and Dev can easily use the same tools) Match app platform with test development language (ObjectiveC/Swift for iOS, Java for Android) No platform capabilities gap around testing (support for the latest OS features) Support for real devices as well as emulators/simulators Fully integrated tools within IDEs Additionally, there are considerations that differ from mobile/web project to project: What are the application use cases? What level of complexity needs to be tested? Heavy UI elements? Environment dependencies (Networks, GPS, Camera)? What OS versions and API levels should be supported? Does the app support multiple platforms — Mobile (iOS/Android)? Web? Based on these considerations, you are far more likely to see long-term success with your automated testing efforts than if you simply dive in to a given framework without understanding the implications.
SO what are the most popular OSS test automation frameworks? When looking at today’s open-source mobile test automation landscape, there are five highly-adopted test frameworks: Selenium – The leading open-source test framework for web app test automation Appium – Open-source test automation framework for mobile native, web and hybrid apps Calabash – Behavior-driven development (BDD) test framework based on Ruby development language Espresso – Google open-source test automation framework within Android Studio XCUITest – Apple’s open-source test automation framework within XCode IDE Each of these frameworks are being sponsored by a different community and have unique benefits to their target platforms and respective audiences.
Though general-purpose frameworks cover a broad range of devices, they often lack late-breaking hardware support; conversely, frameworks that are device-specific often lack support for different scripting languages and approaches. It is therefore important to identify what is important to your team and project as part of the selection process, and avoid just selecting a framework based on technical requirements.
In the table below, we list the top test automation tools with their core capabilities and limitations: Why choose one framework over another? You may already have portions of test automation frameworks and tooling integrated into your software delivery process. These decisions may not always have been made by a single person or team, but rather a collection of experiences and motivations over time.
A few of these motivations are: Teams trying to get fast quality feedback per each of their app builds and code commits Teams testing UI and functionality of their app Teams using behavior-driven testing tools to match their agile processes Performing cross-platform testing of mobile and web Complementing unit testing The table above shows that not every tool or test framework can provide full coverage of your requirements, and may even come with a risk of limiting the quality of the mobile or web app under test do to their shortcomings.
We have summarized each approach to help you decide which makes the most sense for you. Appium Appium is best suited to QA teams trying to test the functionality of native, mobile web and mobile hybrid apps across iOS and Android. This tool is less suitable for developers who wish to develop and perform unit testing since it uses a different scripting language than the app itself, (e.g. ObjectiveC).
The generated Appium report is a bit limited from a debugging and fast feedback loop perspective, and does not include videos, network logs and key vitals information. Selenium The Selenium framework is the best choice for web test automation teams testing for RWD (responsive web design), or stand-alone web sites. It’s less suitable for developing unit testing, which makes this framework less appealing for developers.
Core Selenium test reports are not highly informative and lack unique mobile related insights. Calabash Calabash is designed for organizations that work in BDD (behavior-driven development) workflows. The tool offers an easy path to develop the features in parallel with the tests for these features in an easy user-flow based language. Calabash is appealing for both dev and QA practitioners. The tool provides solid insights and reports to Dev and QA teams.
Espresso & XCTestUI These two tools are are very similar in that they are both designed for target users. Espresso is for Android and XCTestUI is for iOS. Both tools are fully integrated into development IDEs such as Android Studio/Xcode, and offer very easy to develop techniques, including test recorders. These tools are fully maintained by Google and Apple, which assures that they always support the latest OS features (i.
e. iOS Force Touch) so developers can stay ahead of the market and test accordingly. These tools support both unit testing types and functional UI testing. Both tools are app context only, which limits their abilities to test for user condition scenarios. In upcoming posts, we’ll drill more deeply into the various use cases for each of these tools and discuss how teams can best take advantage of these tools through continuous integration and deployment.
Title: Mobile Automation Testing Tools Open Source